Louis XIV, who was born in 1638 and became king of France in 1643 at the age of four, was given the nickname “Sun King” due to his belief that he was the center of the universe, just like the sun is the center of the solar system. During his 72-year reign, he was known for his luxurious court and extravagant lifestyle, and he used the sun as his personal emblem on everything from furniture to clothing to architecture. This symbolized his role as the center of the French court and his belief in the idea of divine right, which held that he was chosen by God to rule France and that his power was absolute and unquestionable. This was further reinforced by his construction of the Palace of Versailles. Despite his reputation for extravagance and absolutism, Louis XIV was also a wise and effective ruler who implemented important reforms in France, such as the creation of a professional army, the expansion of French territory, and the promotion of the arts and culture. His reign also saw the establishment of French as the language of diplomacy, which had a lasting impact on European culture and politics. Today, Louis XIV is remembered as one of the most influential monarchs in European history, and his legacy continues to shape French culture and identity.
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