Emily Brontë, a talented British poet, achieved fame primarily through her novel Wuthering Heights. However, the book received a negative critical response and was unpopular during Brontë’s lifetime. In the 19th century, it was challenging for women writers to receive recognition, and women were often criticized for their lack of experience and judgment. Thus, the Brontë sisters published their works under male pseudonyms to receive proper attention. Emily published Wuthering Heights under the pseudonym Ellis Bell in 1847.
The novel’s reception did not meet the author’s expectations, as critics found the novel too dark and brutal. Despite her initial disappointment, Brontë tried to continue writing poetry, but her time was limited. In 1848, following the funeral of her brother, Brontë contracted tuberculosis and died soon after.
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Two years after Brontë’s death, her sister Charlotte Brontë, who was also a writer and the author of Jane Eyre, attempted to republish Wuthering Heights. She defended the novel’s dark themes and brutality, explaining them as her sister’s vision of life. Despite the initial negative critical response, the book eventually became popular and is now considered a classic of literature.
In conclusion, Emily Brontë published her novel Wuthering Heights in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell, but it received negative critical feedback. Following her death from tuberculosis in 1848, her sister Charlotte Brontë republished the novel in 1850, defending its themes and brutality. Wuthering Heights was unpopular during Emily Brontë’s lifetime but eventually gained popularity and became a classic piece of literature.
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