What’s the Metamorphosis’ genre?

A novella is a type of short story that is more concise than other forms of narrative. It usually has a small cast of characters and a single plotline. Often, novellas contain an unexpected plot twist or ending. In The Metamorphosis, Kafka tells the story of a lonely character who faces an absurd and meaningless fate.

Kafka’s unique style of absurdist fiction creates a world of symbolism that permeates the story. The novella’s main character, Gregor Samsa, wakes up one morning to discover that he has transformed into a hideous insect. The novella’s three sections focus on Gregor’s transformation, his conflict with his father, and his death.

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As Gregor turns into an insect, he loses his authority in his family, who now despise and avoid him. Kafka does not express his attitude towards the events but describes them with realistic detail, creating a grotesque and fantastic picture. The Metamorphosis expresses the tragic worldview of a person living in the 20th century, feeling the external pressure of society’s expectations.


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