Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein features a character who is often referred to as “the monster” or “the creature.” Although he is not given a name, the lack of a name serves an artistic purpose by highlighting his loneliness and isolation. The monster is created by Victor Frankenstein using alchemy and chemistry. He is a grotesque figure with yellow skin, watery eyes, black lips, and prominent teeth. After being rejected by everyone he meets, including his own creator, he becomes an outcast.
The monster refers to himself as the “Adam of your labors,” alluding to the first man created in the Bible. Victor, on the other hand, never names his creation, calling him a “fiend” or a “demon” instead. The name “Frankenstein” began to be used to refer to the creature decades after the novel’s publication.
The lack of a name serves to emphasize the novel’s central theme of rejection and isolation. Victor’s refusal to name his creation is symbolic of his rejection of the creature. The monster himself does not give himself a name because he feels different from humans and cannot relate to them. Without anyone to care for him or give him a name, the monster is further isolated and dehumanized.
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