Guy de Maupassant utilizes a variety of figurative language in his short story ‘The Necklace’, with personification being one of the most prominent. The first instance of this is in the opening sentence, when the narrator states that fate had “blundered” Mathilde’s life. This implies that Mathilde is not responsible for her unfortunate circumstances, but rather that it is fate’s fault. Another example is when the furniture and curtains in Mathilde’s house are described as “tormenting and insulting her”. This personification conveys Mathilde’s refusal to take responsibility for her own feelings of misery. The third example is when the narrator suggests that the carriages they take after the party are “ashamed” of their shabbiness in the daylight. This is a human emotion, and thus the carriages are being given human characteristics.
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