Homer’s epic poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey, demonstrate the values and beliefs of ancient Greek society. Notable values include bravery, honor, loyalty, hospitality, piety, and cunning. Achilles and Odysseus are brave warriors who are willing to risk their lives for glory. Honor is tied to reputation and personal dignity, and characters like Achilles and Agamemnon are willing to go to great lengths to protect it. Loyalty is seen in Patroclus, who is willing to die for his friend, and Penelope, who remains faithful to her husband. Hospitality is a sacred duty, and Alcinous and Menelaus provide it to Odysseus and Telemachus. Piety is the respect and reverence shown to the gods, and Odysseus and Achilles seek their help and guidance. Lastly, cunning is embodied in Odysseus, who uses his wit and intelligence to outsmart his enemies. These values reflect the beliefs and values of ancient Greek society.
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