In “Dear Martin,” Nic Stone utilizes direct characterization to introduce and develop the protagonist, Justyce McAllister. This technique is used to give the reader a clear understanding of Justyce’s traits and motivations. For instance, Stone writes that Justyce is “top of his class at Braselton Preparatory Academy, captain of the debate team, and set to attend an Ivy League school next year,” which implies that he is a driven and ambitious individual. Additionally, Stone describes Justyce’s internal conflict between his identity as a black man and his privileged background, which provides insight into his thoughts and feelings and highlights the larger social issues in the book. Ultimately, Stone’s use of direct characterization creates a vivid and multi-dimensional protagonist, allowing the reader to empathize with and root for Justyce.